Who Is Pablo Escobar, The Notorious ‘King Of Cocaine’?

From his brutal murders to his obscene wealth, uncover a few of the most astonishing info concerning the infamous Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar.

In the late Seventies and Nineteen Eighties, Pablo Escobar reigned because the king of cocaine. Known as “El Padrino,” “El Patrón,” and “Don Pablo,” the Colombian drug lord constructed out his Medellín Cartel, made himself billions, and killed anybody who stood in his means. But who was Pablo Escobar?

Below, uncover 19 info concerning the notorious drug kingpin, from his gorgeous internet value to his pet hippos to the grotesque means that he died.

Who Is Pablo Escobar?

Eric VANDEVILLE/Gamma-Rapho by way of Getty ImagesColombian drug lord Pablo Escobar, pictured in 1988.

Pablo Escobar was the pinnacle of the Medellín Cartel, a Colombian drug cartel that trafficked cocaine. From the founding of the cartel within the Seventies till Escobar’s demise in 1993, the profitable drug commerce made Escobar billions.

During his life, Escobar lived by the mantra of “plata o plomo,” which roughly interprets to “silver or lead (bullets),” and describes how he used each violence and bribery to get his means. He and his cartel killed police, politicians, journalists, and extraordinary residents who occurred to be within the improper place on the improper time. In 1989, the cartel was even accused of planting a bomb on a home passenger flight, killing over 100 individuals on the airplane.

But many Colombians additionally noticed Escobar as a “Robin Hood” determine. He constructed hospitals and housing for the poor and was elected to the Colombian parliament in 1982. As such, he has a considerably difficult legacy within the nation as we speak as each a violent drug lord and a philanthropist.

Where Is Pablo Escobar From?

Born on December 1, 1949, in Rionegro, Antioquia, Colombia, Pablo Escobar grew up in a suburb of Medellín referred to as Envigado. There, decided to make it wealthy, he gravitated towards crime at a younger age. Escobar allegedly falsified diplomas, took tombstones from graveyards to resell, and stole vehicles.

Who Was Pablo Escobar’s Mother?

Pablo Escobar’s mom was Hermilda de Los Dolores Gaviria Berrío. Unlike her legal son, she had a law-abiding profession as a schoolteacher. Escobar’s father, Abel de Jesús Dari Escobar Echeverri, was a farmer and a watchman.

Who Was Pablo Escobar’s Wife?

Pablo Escobar met his spouse, Maria Victoria Henao, when she was simply 12 years previous and he was 23. Henao referred to as the a lot older Escobar the “love of her life,” and so they bought married three years later when she was 15.

According to her autobiography, Mrs. Escobar: My Life with Pablo, Henao didn’t initially know what her husband did for a dwelling. “I grew up being molded by Pablo to be his wife and the mother of his children, not to ask questions or challenge his choices, to look the other way,” she wrote.

But whereas Henao centered on being Escobar’s spouse and the mom of their son and daughter, her husband entertained a number of extramarital affairs, together with a relationship with the Colombian journalist Virginia Vallejo.

Who Is Pablo Escobar’s Son?

Pablo Escobar's Family

YouTubePablo Escobar, pictured along with his son Juan Pablo, his daughter Manuela, and his spouse Maria Victoria Henao.

Officially, Pablo Escobar had only one son: Juan Pablo Escobar Henao, who goes by Sebastián Marroquín as we speak and lives in Argentina.

Born in 1977 because the eldest baby of Escobar and Henao, Juan Pablo had a loving, luxurious childhood. His father doted on him. And Escobar’s large fortune meant that his son by no means lacked for something.

But Escobar’s violent profession made life troublesome for his household. After he orchestrated the homicide of Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, Colombia’s Minister of Justice, Juan Pablo, his mom, and his sister have been pressured to go on the run.

“My life was the life of a criminal,” Juan Pablo later recalled. “I was suffering the same as if I had ordered all those murders by myself.”

He was pressured to return to life as a fugitive after Escobar’s demise in 1993. Then, Juan Pablo, his mom, and his sister began a brand new life in Argentina. Juan Pablo lives there to today and works as an architect.

However, Pablo Escobar allegedly additionally had a variety of “illegitimate” kids with different girls throughout his extramarital relationships, together with not less than one different son named Roberto Sendoya Escobar, in line with British GQ.

Who Is Pablo Escobar’s Daughter?

Pablo Escobar and Maria Victoria Henao additionally had a daughter named Manuela Escobar, who goes by Juana Manuela Marroquín Santos as we speak.

Born in 1984, Manuela loved a charmed childhood. Despite his day job as a drug kingpin, Pablo Escobar was an attentive father. When Manuela instructed him she wished a unicorn for her birthday, Escobar stapled a horn onto a white horse and introduced it to her. (The horse sadly died afterward.)

But like her brother, Manuela’s life took a darkish flip following Escobar’s demise in 1993. Then, she fled with Juan Pablo and her mom to Argentina.

Though each her mom and brother have since spoken publicly about their relationship with Pablo Escobar, Manuela has remained out of the highlight. Allegedly fearful that her father’s enemies will take revenge, Manuela has change into one thing of a recluse and hasn’t been seen publicly in years.

Who Were Pablo Escobar’s Brothers?

Pablo Escobar had six siblings, however his work within the drug cartel was hardly a household enterprise. His sister, Luz Maria Escobar, even instructed the BBC that she didn’t learn about her brother’s cocaine empire till the early Nineteen Eighties. But Pablo’s brother, Roberto Escobar, did play a task within the Medellín Cartel.

At first, Roberto was extra inquisitive about using bikes than dealing medicine and even raced professionally. But as his little brother grew to become extra highly effective, Roberto began to work for the Medellín Cartel as an accountant.

In that function, Roberto dealt with nice sums of cash. The New Yorker reviews that the cartel had a lot cash mendacity round that Roberto as soon as threw a briefcase with $100,000 right into a river as a result of it was too “heavy.”

Following his youthful brother’s demise in 1993, Roberto continued to capitalize on the household title. He’s given “narco tours” in Colombia and even based a holding firm referred to as Escobar, Inc. in 2014.

It must also be famous that Escobar had two different brothers, Luis Fernando Escobar and Argemiro Escobar, however they have been by no means within the highlight.

Did Pablo Escobar Have Hippos And What Happened To Them?

Cocaine Hippos

JOAQUIN SARMIENTO/AFP by way of Getty ImagesA descendant of one of many hippos imported by Pablo Escobar to Colombia within the Nineteen Eighties.

Yes, Pablo Escobar did have hippos. In truth, the drug kingpin had a whole zoo at his property outdoors of Medellín. This zoo included 4 hippopotamuses that he’d illegally imported into Colombia within the Nineteen Eighties.

After Escobar’s demise, in line with NPR, authorities thought that the hippos would merely die as effectively. But as an alternative, the animals thrived.

Today, the 100 hippos roaming the Colombian countryside, due to Escobar, are thought-about an invasive species. The Washington Post reviews that authorities have began to sterilize them to restrict their unfold.

What Was Pablo Escobar’s House Like?

Unsurprisingly, Pablo Escobar had a sprawling, opulent dwelling. He purchased a 7,000-acre property in 1978 and named it Hacienda Nápoles, after Naples, Italy.

The grounds of Hacienda Nápoles included a Spanish colonial mansion, an airport, swimming swimming pools, a sculpture backyard, and, after all, Escobar’s zoo, which housed his notorious hippos in addition to birds, elephants, and different unique animals. Though Hacienda Nápoles wasn’t the one property that Escobar owned, it was clearly the place that he referred to as dwelling.

Years after Escobar’s demise, the grounds of his former property grew to become a theme park referred to as the Parque Temático Hacienda Nápoles. According to Atlas Obscura, nevertheless, individuals nonetheless sneak onto Hacienda Nápoles’ grounds with a shovel — hoping to dig up any cash that Escobar hid.

What Was Pablo Escobar’s Net Worth?

Pablo Escobar’s Medellín Cartel introduced in an estimated $70 million a day within the Nineteen Eighties. Thus, Escobar’s internet value was estimated to be between $30 and $60 billion throughout his life. Today, that quantity can be greater than doubled.

Was Pablo Escobar Richer And More Powerful Than El Chapo?

According to Newsweek, Mexican drug lord Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán had a internet value of about $1 billion. As such, Pablo Escobar was a lot richer.

Though energy is harder to measure, Escobar wielded numerous it. Not solely did he provide 80 % of the world’s cocaine, however he additionally dipped his toe into politics and even dreamed of turning into the president of Colombia.

According to Business Insider, El Chapo had no such ambition, and his Sinaloa Cartel managed simply 35 % of cocaine produced in Colombia. However, his cartel is believed to have a large worldwide footprint, bringing medicine (together with, however not restricted to, cocaine) into some nations that Escobar didn’t have a direct reference to. All in all, it will possibly definitely be argued that Escobar was the extra highly effective of the 2. But as with many issues associated to the underworld, it’s robust to return to a particular reply.

How Did Pablo Escobar Take A Photo At The White House?

El Padrino In America

Sebastián Marroquín/Sins Of My FatherPablo Escobar, pictured along with his son on the White House in 1981.

In 1981, Pablo Escobar introduced his son to the United States, the place they snapped a now-infamous photograph in entrance of the White House. How did the drug kingpin handle to try this with out getting arrested?

At that time, Escobar was merely on the sting of infamy. Just a few years later, in 1984, he orchestrated the homicide of Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, Colombia’s Minister of Justice who dared stand as much as him. And in 1989, he allegedly plotted to plant a bomb on Avianca Flight 203 (wrongly believing that future Colombian president César Augusto Gaviria Trujillo was on board), killing over 100 individuals on the airplane and even a couple of individuals on the bottom.

The Nineteen Eighties additionally noticed a rise in cocaine consumption within the United States, which made Escobar extra of a risk to American authorities. But in 1981, Escobar apparently wasn’t thought-about fairly that harmful — but.

How Many People Did Pablo Escobar Kill?

Infamously brutal and ruthless, Pablo Escobar killed anybody who dared to face in his means. He’s estimated to have been chargeable for the deaths of some 4,000 individuals, together with cops, authorities officers, journalists, extraordinary residents, and members of rival cartels.

Did Pablo Escobar Go To Prison?

Yes, Pablo Escobar did go to jail — however underneath his personal phrases. In 1991, Escobar struck a cope with Colombian authorities wherein he agreed to show himself in, however provided that he might keep away from extradition to the United States and construct his personal jail in Colombia to his specs.

Incredibly, the Colombian authorities agreed to Escobar’s proposal. On the day that they banned extraditing criminals within the new Colombian structure, Escobar surrendered. And he went to a jail that he’d designed himself close to Medellín, which was dubbed La Catedral.

Unlike most prisons, La Catedral had a sauna, a jacuzzi, a billiards room, and a disco. And not like most prisoners, Escobar continued to conduct enterprise from behind bars. In 1992, he ordered the deaths of a number of cartel leaders.

Colombian authorities then determined to maneuver him to a unique jail — however Pablo Escobar escaped in July 1992 earlier than they bought to La Catedral.

When Did Pablo Escobar Die?

Pablo Escobar’s escape from La Catedral triggered a large manhunt. And a couple of 12 months and a half later, he was cornered by Colombian forces and died on December 2, 1993, simply at some point after his forty fourth birthday.

How Did Pablo Escobar Die?

Death Of Pablo Escobar

Wikimedia CommonsPablo Escobar’s physique following his demise on December 2, 1993.

Pablo Escobar died after being shot within the leg, torso, and ear, whereas fleeing Colombian authorities on rooftops within the Los Olivos barrio of Medellín.

But the query of who killed him is the topic of some debate.

Who Killed Pablo Escobar?

Officially, a particular Colombian activity power organized to seek out Pablo Escobar, generally known as Search Bloc, killed the drug kingpin.

“Viva Colombia!” a Search Bloc soldier screamed after Escobar fell. “We have just killed Pablo Escobar!” But some members of Escobar’s household, together with his son, Juan Pablo, insist that Escobar killed himself.

Juan Pablo claims that his father’s official post-mortem was falsified to make the Colombian authorities seem like heroes. He insists that, as soon as his father was cornered, he died by suicide earlier than he could possibly be killed.

According to the New York Post, Juan Pablo mentioned, “Forensic investigators who performed the autopsy told us it was suicide but that they were threatened by the authorities not to disclose the truth in their final report.”

What Caused Pablo Escobar’s Death?

Pablo Escobar’s demise was a very long time coming. After he escaped from La Catedral in July 1992, Escobar was on the run for 16 months. But two totally different teams have been scorching on his path throughout this entire time.

The first group was Search Bloc, a Colombian police unit that had been created to trace down Pablo Escobar. According to Business Insider, this group was assisted of their pursuit by the U.S. particular forces, U.S. Army intelligence, the CIA, and the Drug Enforcement Administration.

The second was the “Perseguidos por Pablos Escobar,” which interprets to “People Persecuted by Pablo Escobar.” Nicknamed Los Pepes, this group was composed of Escobar’s enemies, together with different drug traffickers. One member, Rodolfo Berna, was allegedly credited with firing the shot that killed the drug kingpin, although this account has by no means been confirmed.

In any case, the 2 teams labored tirelessly to trace down the drug lord — and kill him. So, what occurred to Escobar’s family members after his demise?

What Happened To Pablo Escobar’s Family?

After Pablo Escobar was killed, his spouse, son, and daughter fled Colombia. After they tried — and failed — to get asylum in Germany and Mozambique, they settled in Argentina. There, they modified their names.

They’ve largely stayed out of the highlight ever since, though Escobar’s spouse and son have written books and given interviews in recent times.

“He was a loving father,” Escobar’s son, Juan Pablo, mentioned in a single interview. “It would be easy to try and fit in and say he was a bad man, but he wasn’t.”

Thousands of Colombians, nevertheless, are prone to disagree.

After studying via these info about Pablo Escobar, uncover these info about Mexican drug lord El Chapo. Then, check out Colombian drug kingpin Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuela, the previous chief of the Cali Cartel.

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