Here’s why Twitter’s road to 200 million daily users hasn’t been easy

The Twitter App hundreds on an iPhone on this illustration {photograph} taken in Los Angeles, California.

Mike Blake | Reuters

In this weekly collection, CNBC takes a have a look at firms that made the inaugural Disruptor 50 record, 10 years later.

Today, Twitter is ubiquitous — it says it has greater than 200 million lively daily users and the content material revealed on its platform undeniably shapes tradition, politics, and in style discourse internationally.

But in 2006, Twitter was nothing greater than a tough concept from then-New York University pupil Jack Dorsey. Dorsey, who was working on the podcasting startup Oedo on the time, pitched the concept to his colleagues of making an SMS service that will permit users to publicly talk with a whole neighborhood, moderately than privately to one particular person, like conventional messaging.

The concept resonated with the Odeo workforce, and was then additional developed by Dorsey and Noah Glass. A 12 months in, Odeo founder Evan Williams advised traders that the startup was pivoting its focus to Twitter, moderately than podcasting, and hoping to save traders a loss, supplied to purchase again Odeo’s inventory.

Investors have since speculated if Williams knew extra about Twitter’s potential than he let on on the time, however nonetheless, they agreed.

At first, Twitter attracted little consideration, however after the workforce attended the 2007 South by Southwest Interactive convention, the place they recieved broad praises, the platform’s utilization tripled in a single day— and Twitter established itself as a number one pressure within the rising social media panorama.

In the next months, Twitter formally grew to become its personal firm, with Dorsey as its CEO. Its first spherical of funding noticed it elevate $5 million at a valuation of $20 million.

Twitter proved to have extensive attraction — it attracted each users that needed to join and share messages with the rising social neighborhood, in addition to firms that now had an easy method to work together with their clients and promote their merchandise. 

And it additionally proved to have a singular worth for celebrities, politicians, and public figures making an attempt to show their relevance and talk with their viewers.

In the 2008 U.S. presidential election, for instance, Barack Obama amassed greater than 20 occasions the followers of his opponent, John McCain. This established the significance of a Twitter following, setting the tone for a whole way forward for political reliance on the platform.

And journalists adopted swimsuit.

Twitter allowed for the immediate sharing of stories, which facilitated the dissemination of data on an unprecedented timeline.

By 2012, when Twitter celebrated its sixth birthday, it stated it had 140 million users that tweeted 340 million occasions per day and had established itself as a distinguished outlet for the sharing of an unlimited array of data, from daily musings to breaking information.

A employee unveils a ground mat bearing the brand of Twitter and the image on which Twitter’s inventory will traded (TWTR) on the ground of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) on November 7, 2013 in New York City.

Getty Images

In November 2013, Twitter  grew to become a public firm in one of the crucial eagerly awaited preliminary public choices since Facebook a 12 months earlier. At the top of its first day of buying and selling, the corporate had a market worth of $32 billion.

Dorsey, who was compelled to step down as CEO in 2008, returned to the place in 2015 and led the event of a number of new options to the app that aimed to enhance person interplay, together with Moments, which allowed users to curate collections of tweets. This was later changed with Explore, in 2017, which collected trending topics.

Twitter lastly grew to become worthwhile for the primary time shortly thereafter, in its fourth fiscal quarter of 2017.

Over the following few years, the corporate continued to develop in each cultural recognition and variety of users.

In November 2021, Dorsey stepped down as CEO once more and was changed by Chief Technology Officer Parag Agrawal.

Then, in April, billionaire entrepreneur Elon Musk agreed to purchase Twitter for $44 billion.

But since then, Musk has tried to pull out of that deal, citing his perception that Twitter was in materials breach of a number of provisions of the unique settlement, notably his request that the corporate share details about the variety of faux and spam accounts lively on the social media platform. In response, Twitter has denied these claims and sued Musk, in hopes to pressure the acquisition. 

Twitter and Musk are set to face one another in courtroom this October.

The ongoing authorized battle has not helped the already skittish state of advertisers, who’ve traditionally generated most of Twitter’s income however have decreased spending amid latest financial uncertainty. The firm reported discouraging earnings final month, as its income declined, leading to a internet loss.

Then, simply earlier this week, former head of Twitter safety, Peiter Zatko, filed an explosive 200-page whistleblower disclosure with the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Federal Trade Commission, and the Department of Justice, through which he detailed that Twitter executives deceived each its board of administrators in addition to federal regulators about excessive deficiencies in its safety measures towards hackers, in addition to the corporate’s minimal efforts to fight spam.

A redacted model was launched to Congress, which was then leaked to The Washington Post and CNN.

Beyond being deceptive to key stakeholders, Zatko argues that the corporate’s practices have jeopardized U.S. nationwide safety. He claimed that hundreds of Twitter workers had entry to firm software program and information — which they used and interacted with to work on Twitter’s reside product — highlighting a stark departure from the norms of firms like Meta and Google, which require the usage of dummy information. He in the end pointed to this expansive entry to person information as what allowed for the hacking of high-profile Twitter accounts, together with former presidents Obama and Donald Trump, in addition to Musk.

Zatko moreover alleged that Twitter prioritized person development at the price of lowering spam, amongst a myriad of different security-related breaches.

Twitter responded to the claims by characterizing them as inaccurate and opportunistic, with Twitter spokesperson Rebecca Hahn telling the Washington Post that “Security and privacy have long been top companywide priorities at Twitter,” and additional claiming that Twitter had fired Zatko after 15 months “for poor performance and leadership.”

What will come of Zatko’s claims, and the way it may each affect Twitter and Musk’s authorized protection towards Twitter, is but to be seen.

For now, Twitter is confronted with the large process of restoring confidence, each within the courts and within the minds of its hundreds of thousands of daily users, that the platform is safe, secure, and trustworthy in its proceedings.  

Ultimately, Zatko argued it was this hope for brand spanking new scrutiny and accountability that will drive the corporate to enhance its practices that led him to file his whistleblower grievance.

“I still believe that this is a tremendous platform,” he claims. “And there is huge value and huge risk, and I hope that looking back at this, the world will be a better place, in part because of this.”

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