Belarusian human rights activis Ales Bialiatski speaks after he and the Belarusian human rights group Vjasna had been awarded the 2020 Right Livelihood Award in Stockholm on December 3, 2020.
Anders Wiklund | Afp | Getty Images
Belarusian human rights activist Ales Bialiatski, Russian human rights group Memorial and the Ukrainian human rights group Center for Civil Liberties have been awarded the 2022 Nobel Peace Prize.
Bialiatski, 60, helped spark the democracy motion that started in Belarus within the Eighties. He has been in jail since 2021 on a cost of tax evasion extensively thought of to be politically motivated. He served a jail sentence from October 2011 to June 2014 on the identical cost and has been arrested a number of occasions.
The Nobel committee stated he had “devoted his life to promoting democracy and peaceful development in his home country.”
The Center for Civil Liberties was arrange in 2007 to assist Ukrainian civil society, promote human rights and marketing campaign for full democracy within the nation.
“After Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the center has engaged in efforts to identify and document Russian war crimes against the Ukrainian population,” the committee stated.
“The center is playing a pioneering role in holding guilty parties accountable for their crimes.”
The remaining recipient, Russian rights group Memorial, was based in 1987 within the former Soviet Union to honor victims of political oppression.
In a press convention, Nobel Committee Chair Berit Reiss-Andersen stated the prize was “not addressing [Russian] President Putin … except that his government, as with the government in Belarus, is representing an authoritarian government that is suppressing human rights activists.”
Bialiatski’s marketing campaign group, Viasna, has documented and spoken out in opposition to using torture on political prisoners in Belarus.
Alexander Lukashenko has been president of Belarus since 1994, when the nation established a brand new structure following the break-up of the Soviet Union.
Bialiatski was arrested following widespread protests in opposition to Lukashenko’s regime in 2020 and 2021, which had been met with a violent crackdown and 1000’s of arrests.
Belarus is Russia’s solely European ally following its unprovoked invasion of Ukraine, and has additionally confronted Western sanctions.
The Nobel Peace Prize is one in every of six awards given annually since 1901 by a five-person committee elected by the Norwegian Parliament. It is meant to acknowledge those that have “conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.”
It just isn’t the primary time it has been awarded to a number of recipients. In 2021, the Peace Prize was cut up between journalists Maria Ressa, co-founder of Philippines information website Rappler, and Dmitry Muratov, a Russian reporter. Both have labored to reveal corruption and authoritarianism and spoken out in protection of free speech.
This yr, the Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to French writer Annie Ernaux.
Within the sciences, the prize for physics went to Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for “pioneering quantum information science”; the prize for chemistry was awarded to Carolyn R. Bertozzi, Morten Meldal and Okay. Barry Sharpless for work in “click” chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry; and the prize for medication went to Svante Pääbo for decoding the genome of Neandertals.
The economics prize might be introduced Monday.